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1. Alvian Hadi Rachmansyah (02)
2. Elang Perkasa (09)
3. Erwin Dwi Rendrahadi (10)
4. Lurensius Henry P.P. (19)
5. M. Fachri L. (20)


Bhinneka Tunggal Ika


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The national emblem of the Republic of Indonesia, GARUDA PANCASILA, is emblazoned with the words BHINNEKA TUNGGAL IKA. Translated, they mean 'Unity in Diversity' or, 'We are of many kinds, but we are one'. This motto is a founding principle of the modern Indonesian nation, which declares the essential unity of its members despite ethnic, regional, social or religious differences.

Bhinneka Tunggal Ika is the official national motto of Indonesia. The phrase is Old Javanese and is often loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity," but literally means "(Although) in pieces, yet One." It is inscribed in the Indonesian national symbol, Garuda Pancasila (written on the scroll gripped by the Garuda's claws), and is mentioned specifically in article 36A of the Constitution of Indonesia.


The concept of BHINNEKA TUNGGAL IKA is not new to Indonesian history. It can be traced back to the time of the construction of Borobudur, when the Sailendra dynasty ruled on the plains of Central Java in the eighth and ninth centuries. Two hundred years later, in the Brantas Valley in East Java, King Airlangga built a united kingdom based on this same principle.

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It was, however, the 14th century poet sage of Majapahit, Mpu Tantular, who is said to have committed the phrase to writing for the first time. In his religious poem Sutasoma, composed during the reign of King Rajasanagara (Hayam Wuruk), Mpu Tantular expounded a doctrine of reconciliation between the Hindu and Buddhist faiths. Such a spirit of religious tolerance was an essential element in the foundation and security of the newly emerging State of Majapahit, which reached the height of its power and influence under the guiding hand of the prime minister GAJAH MADA.
In more recent years, the words of Mpu Tantular were an inspiration to the founders of the first Independent Government of the Republic of Indonesia, and today they are found immortalized on the national emblem.

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This poem is notable as it promotes tolerance between Hindus (Shivaites) and Buddhists.

ORIGINAL

This quotation comes from canto 139, stanza 5. The full stanza reads as follows:
Rwâneka dhâtu winuwus Buddha Wiswa,
Bhinnêki rakwa ring apan kena parwanosen,
Mangka ng Jinatwa kalawan Siwatatwa tunggal,
Bhinnêka tunggal ika tan hana dharma mangrwa.


TRANSLATION ..

It is said that the well-known Buddha and Shiva are two different substances.
They are indeed different, yet how is it possible to recognise their difference in a glance,
since the truth of Jina (Buddha) and the truth of Shiva is one.
They are indeed different, but they are of the same kind, as there is no duality in Truth.



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Indonesia is the state symbol is the Garuda Pancasila is the form of an eagle pictures that look to the right with both wings stretched

at the foot of the Pancasila symbol grabbed a ribbon curved upward. there is writing on the map reads "Bhineka Tunggal Ika" as mentioned in the book written by Empu Tantular Sutasoma poet from the kingdom majapahit meaning "Bhineka Tunggal Ika" and the meaning in English “Unity In Diversity” is "Varies but still one" means that within the Unitary Republic of Indonesia there are many kinds of ethnic culture nation's religious customs and language arts but all are one nation with one national culture with one national language.

Based on the principle of Unity in Diversity is our mutual respect life, respect even though we are different ethnic groups, religions, customs, and, behold, in the area because it is very diverse yet upholding the noble values and life is contained within the Indonesian community who always put the interests of nation and state than that of the group or faction.

by holding the principles and philosophy of life based on bhineka tunggal ika If they will not arise discord and dissension, and mutual respect life, respect, tolerance for others and eventually the Indonesian state and nation can live safe and prosperous calm.

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